Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies

Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Significant Accounting Policies

Note 3 - Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and include all information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP. The Company’s consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Prior period reclassifications

Certain prior period amounts in the consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Specifically, the presentation of changes in inventory to conform with the current period presentation on the consolidated statements of cash flows and the presentation of stockholders equity in the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of changes in stockholders' equity (deficit) resulting from effecting the reverse stock split.

Use of Estimates


The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Accounting estimates and assumptions discussed herein are those that management considers to be the most critical to an understanding of the consolidated financial statements because they inherently involve significant judgments and uncertainties. Estimates are used for, but not limited to revenue recognition, allowance for credit losses and customer allowances, inventory valuation, impairments of goodwill and long-lived assets, incremental borrowing rate for leases, and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets. All of these estimates reflect management’s judgment about current economic and market conditions and their effects based on information available as of the date of these consolidated financial statements. If such conditions persist longer or deteriorate further than expected, it is reasonably possible that the judgments and estimates could change, which may result in future impairments of assets among other effects.

Going Concern

In accordance with ASU No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40), we have evaluated whether there are conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the consolidated financial statements are issued.


Determining the extent to which conditions or events raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern and the extent to which mitigating plans sufficiently alleviate any such substantial doubt requires significant

judgment and estimation by us. Our significant estimates related to this analysis may include identifying business factors such as size, growth and profitability used in the forecasted financial results and liquidity. Further, we make assumptions about the probability that management's plans will be effectively implemented and alleviate substantial doubt and our ability to continue as a going concern. We believe that the estimated values used in our going concern analysis are based on reasonable assumptions. However, such assumptions are inherently uncertain and actual results could differ materially from those estimates. See Note 2, Liquidity and Going Concern, for more information about our going concern assessment.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Credit Losses, Returns, and Deductions

Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. Accounts receivables, less credit losses, reflects the net realizable value of receivables and approximates fair value. We account for accounts receivable, less credit losses, under ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. We evaluate our accounts receivable and establish an allowance for credit loss based on a combination of factors. When aware that a specific customer has been impacted by circumstances such as bankruptcy filings or deterioration in the customer’s operating results or financial position, potentially making it unable to meet its financial obligations, we record a specific allowance for doubtful account to reduce the related receivable to the amount we reasonably believe is collectible. We also record allowances for credit loss for all other customers based on a variety of factors, including the length of time the receivables are past due, historical collection experience, and an evaluation of current and projected economic conditions at the balance sheet date. Accounts receivables are charged off against the allowance for credit losses after we determine that the potential for recovery is remote.

As of December 31, the allowance for credit losses consisted of the following:















Beginning balance



























Ending balance









Total bad debt expense for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $697,876 and $372,363, respectively. Provisions related to returns and deductions for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $822,803 and $344,780, respectively.

Concentration of Credit Risk

The balance sheet items that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk are primarily cash and accounts receivable. The Company continuously evaluates the credit worthiness of its customers' financial condition and generally does not require collateral. The Company maintains cash balances in bank accounts that may, at times, exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) limits of $250,000 per institution. The Company incurred no losses from such accounts and management considers the risk of loss to be minimal.

For the years ended December 31, the following customers represented more than 10% of consolidated sales. No vendors represented more than 10% of purchases.












Customer A





Customer B




Customer C




Customer D




Customer E





As of December 31, the following customers represented more than 10% of accounts receivable. No vendors represented more than 10% of the accounts payable balance.












Customer A





Customer C




Customer D





Customer F




Revenue Recognition Policy

The Company manufactures and markets a broad range of protein snack products through multiple distribution channels. The products are offered through branded and private label items. Generally, the Company considers all revenues as arising from contracts with customers. Revenue is recognized based on the five-step process outlined in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers:

Identification of the contract with a customer
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract
Determination of the transaction price
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
Recognition of revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation


The Company’s revenue derived from the sale of branded and private label products is considered variable consideration as the contract includes discounts, rebates, incentives and other similar items. Generally, revenue is recognized at the point in time when the customer obtains control of the product, which may occur upon either shipment or delivery of the product. The payment terms of the Company’s contracts are generally net 30 to 60 days, although early pay discounts are offered to customers.


The Company regularly experiences customer deductions from amounts invoiced due to product returns, product shortages, and delivery nonperformance penalty fees. This variable consideration is estimated using the expected value approach based on the Company’s historical experience, and it is recognized as a reduction to the transaction price in the same period that the related product sale is recognized.


Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products to customers. Revenue is recognized when the Company satisfies its performance obligations under the contract by transferring the promised product to its customer.


The Company’s contracts generally do not include any material significant financing components.


Performance Obligations


The Company has elected the following practical expedients provided for in ASC 606:

The Company has excluded from its transaction price all sales and similar taxes collected from its customers.
The Company has elected to recognize the incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the asset that the entity otherwise would have recognized is one year or less.
The Company has elected to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after control of the related good transfers as fulfillment activities instead of assessing such activities as performance obligations.
The portfolio approach has been elected by the Company as it expects any effects would not be materially different in application at the portfolio level compared with the application at an individual contract level.
The Company has elected not to disclose information about its remaining performance obligations for any contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less.


Neither the type of good sold nor the location of sale significantly impacts the nature, amount, timing, or uncertainty of revenue and cash flows.


Inventories consist of raw materials, work in process, and finished goods, are stated at lower of cost or net realizable value determined using the average cost method. The Company reviews the value of items in inventory and provides write-downs and write-offs of inventory for obsolete, damaged, or expired inventory. Write-downs and write-offs are included in cost of goods sold.

Prepaid Media Spend

In 2020, the Company entered into a bartering arrangement with an independent full-service corporate trade company, a vendor, whereas the Company will provide inventory in exchange for media credits. The Company has the right to utilize this asset as credits against future media buying services with this vendor. No inventory was exchanged during 2022 and 2023. The Company fully reserved for the $1,489,028 in media credits as of December 31, 2023 and 2022. As the Company has significantly reduced its media spend, it is unlikely the unused media credits will be utilized prior to expiring.

The Company accounts for barter transactions under ASC Topic No. 845, Nonmonetary Transactions. Barter transactions with commercial substance are recorded at the estimated fair value of the products exchanged, unless the products received have a more readily determinable estimated fair value. Revenue associated with barter transactions is recorded at the time of the exchange of the related assets.

Advertising Costs

In accordance with ASC 720-35, Advertising Costs, advertising and marketing costs are charged to operations in the period incurred. Advertising and marketing expenses for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 were $907,450 and $5,740,567 respectively and are included in selling expenses in the accompanying statements of operations. Advertising costs during the year ended December 31, 2022 include the reserve of $1,489,028 in media credits.

Debt Issuance Costs

Debt issuance costs are costs incurred to obtain new debt financing. Debt issuance costs are presented in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as a reduction in the carrying value of the debt and are accreted to interest expense using the effective interest method.

Property and Equipment, net

Property and equipment, net is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and consist primarily of building, equipment and leasehold improvements. Depreciation expense is recognized using the straight-line method over its estimated useful life of three to twenty years.


Leasehold improvements are amortized on the straight-line method over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful life of the equipment or improvement. Such amortization is recorded as depreciation expense in the consolidated statements of operations.


Upon retirement or sale, the cost of assets disposed of and the related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in loss from operations. Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred.


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company periodically evaluates its long-lived assets for potential impairment in accordance with ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment. Potential impairment is assessed when there is evidence that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recovered. Recoverability of these assets is assessed based on undiscounted expected future cash flows from the assets, considering a number of factors, including past operating results, budgets and economic projections, market trends, and product development cycles. If impairments are identified, assets are written down to their estimated fair value. The Company has not recognized any impairment charges for the year ended December 31, 2023 or 2022.


In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 842, Leases, we determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (ROU) assets, current operating lease liabilities, and noncurrent operating lease liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included in property, plant and equipment, current maturities of long-term debt, and long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs and current maturities in the consolidated balance sheets.

Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. Variable payments are not included in ROU assets or lease liabilities and can vary from period to period based on asset usage or our proportionate share of common costs. The implicit rate within our leases is generally not determinable and, therefore, the incremental borrowing rate at lease commencement is utilized to determine the present value of lease payments. We estimate our incremental borrowing rate based on third-party lender quotes to obtain secured debt in a like currency for a similar asset over a timeframe similar to the term of the lease. The ROU asset also includes any lease prepayments made and any initial direct costs incurred and excludes lease incentives. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. We have elected not to recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less.

The Company accounts for each lease and any non-lease components associated with that lease as a single lease component for all asset classes.

Recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease will depend on classification as a finance or operating lease. Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, whereas the amortization of finance lease assets is recognized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the underlying asset or the lease term. Operating lease expense and finance lease amortization are presented in cost of goods sold or operations expense in our consolidated statements of operations depending on the nature of the leased item. Interest expense on finance lease obligations is recorded over the lease term and is presented in Interest expense, based on the effective interest method. All operating lease cash payments and interest on finance leases are presented within cash flows from operating activities and all finance lease principal payments are presented within cash flows from financing activities in our consolidated statements of cash flows.



Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net assets acquired in the acquisition of Biltong USA Inc., and Braaitime LLC in 2018. Goodwill is accounted for in accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other. Goodwill is not amortized and is reviewed and tested for impairment on a reporting unit level annually.

Goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually, or more frequently if facts and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, including goodwill. If it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the Company performs a quantitative test to identify and measure the amount of goodwill impairment loss. The Company compares the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds fair value, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered impaired, and that excess is recognized as a goodwill impairment loss. A significant amount of judgment is required in estimating fair value and performing goodwill impairment tests. For the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, there was no impairment of goodwill.

Intangible Assets

On December 11, 2020, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Kalahari Snacks, LLC, entered into an asset purchase agreement with Kalahari Brands, Inc. consisting principally of its brands and marks, to acquire certain assets and liabilities of Kalahari Brands for a purchase price of $5,867,344. In terms of the asset purchase agreement, a post-closing working capital adjustment was applied to the purchase price. The adjustment of $113,237 was applied against the Kalahari Seller Note.

The brand name is accounted for in accordance with ASC 350 and amortized on a straight-line basis over 20 years and reviewed or impairment whenever changes or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The fair value is then compared to the carrying value and an impairment charged is recognized by the amount in which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the asset. For the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, there was no impairment of the intangible asset.

Stock Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation awards including restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and restricted stock units with a market condition are accounted for in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation . The Company expenses the fair value of stock awards granted to employees and members of the board of directors over the requisite service period, which is typically the vesting period. Compensation cost for stock-based awards issued to employees is measured using the estimated fair value at the grant date. The Company accounts for forfeitures when they occur.


Stock-based awards issued to non-employees, including directors for non-board-related services, are accounted for based on the fair value of such services received or the fair value of the awards granted on the grant date, whichever is more reliably measured. Stock-based awards subject to service-based vesting conditions are expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. Stock-based awards subject to a market-based condition are expensed over the derived service period.


The Company accounts for warrants as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. The assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the warrants meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and whether the warrant holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent quarterly period end date while the warrants are outstanding.

For issued or modified warrants that meet all of the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded as a component of additional paid-in capital at the time of issuance. For issued or modified warrants that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded at their initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter.

Accordingly, the Company classifies the private warrants issued to Andina's original stockholders (the "Private Warrants") as liabilities at their fair value and adjusts the warrants to fair value at each reporting period. This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations.


Net Income (Loss) per Share

The Company reports both basic and diluted earnings per share. Basic earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and excludes the dilutive effect of warrants, stock options, and other types of convertible securities. However, for the year ended December 31, 2022, certain pre-funded warrants are included in the calculation of basic earnings per share as the pre-funded warrants were exercisable for nominal value. Diluted earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and the dilutive effect of stock options, warrants and other types of convertible securities are included in the calculation. Dilutive securities are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation if their effect is anti-dilutive, such as in periods where the Company would report a net loss.


As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company excluded the common stock equivalents summarized below, which entitle the holders thereof to ultimately acquire shares of common stock, from its calculation of earnings per share, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.




December 31,
















Private Warrants









Public Warrants









Warrants - January 2022 Offering









Warrants - April 2023 Financing








Restricted Stock Awards - unvested


















The weighted average number of shares outstanding for purposes of per share calculations includes the Class V shares on as-exchanged basis.


Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive loss is equal to net loss as presented in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations, as the Company did not have any other comprehensive income or loss for the periods presented.


Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes pursuant to the asset and liability method of ASC 740, Income Taxes, which requires the Company to recognize current tax liabilities or receivables for the amount of taxes as estimated are payable or refundable for the current year, and deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and their respective tax bases of assets and liabilities and the expected benefits of net operating loss and credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in operations in the period enacted. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that a portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income and the reversal of deferred tax liabilities during the period in which related temporary differences become deductible.

On July 20, 2021 (the “Closing Date”), the Company completed a business combination (the "Business Combination") pursuant to that certain Business Combination Agreement (the "Business Combination Agreement"). Under the terms of a Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) as part of the Business Combination Agreement, the Company generally will be required to pay to the Seller 85% of the applicable cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal and state income tax based on its ownership in Andina Holdings, LLC that the Company is deemed to realize in certain circumstances as a result of the increases in tax basis and certain tax attributes resulting from the Business Combination as described below. This is accounted for in conjunction with the methods used to record income tax described above.

The Company follows the provisions of ASC 740-10 related to the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements. ASC 740-10 prescribes a comprehensive model for the financial

statement recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in income tax returns.

The benefit of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the Company income tax returns is recognized in the financial statements if such positions are more likely than not of being sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. Differences between tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return and the benefit recognized and measured pursuant to the interpretation are referred to as “unrecognized benefits”. A liability is recognized (or amount of net operating loss carryover or amount of tax refundable is reduced) for an unrecognized tax benefit because it represents an enterprise’s potential future obligation to the taxing authority for a tax position that was not recognized as a result of applying the provisions of ASC 740-10. Interest costs and related penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits are required to be calculated, if applicable. The Company's policy is to classify assessments, if any, for tax related interest and penalties as a component of income tax expense. As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was required to be reported. We do not expect any significant changes in our unrecognized tax benefits in the next year.


Tax Receivable Agreement


In conjunction with the Business Combination, the Company entered into the TRA with Seller and Holdings. Pursuant to the TRA, the Company is required to pay Seller 85% of the amount of savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state, local and foreign income tax that the Company actually realizes as a result of (a) tax basis adjustments resulting from taxable exchanges of Class B common units of Holdings and Class V common stock of the Company acquired by the Company in exchange for Class A common stock of the Company and (b) tax deductions in respect of portions of certain payments made under the TRA. All such payments to the Seller are the obligations of the Company. As of December 31, 2023, there have been 383,898 shares of Class B common units of Holdings and Class V common stock of the Company exchanged for Class A common stock of the Company. The Company has not recognized any change to the deferred tax asset for changes in tax basis, as the asset is not more-likely-than-not to be realized. Additionally, the company has not recognized the TRA liability as it is not probable that the TRA payments would be paid based on the Company's historical loss position and would not be payable until the company realizes tax benefit.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments consist primarily of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, a line of credit, promissory notes payable and long-term debt. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and promissory notes payable approximate their respective fair values because of the short-term maturities or expected settlement date of these instruments. The line of credit has variable interest rates the Company believes reflect current market rates for notes of this nature. The Company believes the current carrying value of long-term debt approximates its fair value because the terms are comparable to similar lending arrangements in the marketplace.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives in accordance with ASC 815. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value on the grant date and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the statements of operations. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement or conversion of the instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date.

Recent Accounting Standards

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments –Credit Losses (Topic 326) –Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 replaces the “incurred loss” credit losses framework with a new accounting standard that requires management's measurement of the allowance for credit losses to be based on a broader range of reasonable and supportable information for lifetime credit loss estimates. The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 as of January 1, 2023, which did not result in any material changes to the Company’s financial statements.

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470- 20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible

Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”), which simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. This ASU (1) simplifies the accounting for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock by removing the existing guidance in ASC 470-20, Debt: Debt with Conversion and Other Options, that requires entities to account for beneficial conversion features and cash conversion features in equity, separately from the host convertible debt or preferred stock; (2) revises the scope exception from derivative accounting in ASC 815-40 for freestanding financial instruments and embedded features that are both indexed to the issuer’s own stock and classified in stockholders’ equity, by removing certain criteria required for equity classification; and (3) revises the guidance in ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, to require entities to calculate diluted earnings per share (EPS) for convertible instruments by using the if-converted method. In addition, entities must presume share settlement for purposes of calculating diluted EPS when an instrument may be settled in cash or shares. For SEC filers, excluding smaller reporting companies, ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021 including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. For all other entities, ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 as of January 1, 2023 using the modified retrospective method which did not result in any changes to the Company’s financial statements.

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which requires public entities to disclose, on an annual and interim basis, significant segment expenses that are regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker and included within each reported measure of segment profit or loss. All public entities will be required to report segment information in accordance with the new guidance starting in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2023. The Company is determining the impact on our business.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures (“ASU 2023-09”), which enhances the transparency and decision usefulness of income tax disclosures by requiring; (1) consistent categories and greater disaggregation of information in the rate reconciliation and (2) income taxes paid disaggregated by jurisdiction. It also includes certain other amendments to improve the effectiveness of income tax disclosures. For public business entities, the standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted for annual financial statements that have not yet been issued or made available for issuance. The Company is determining the impact of the ASU 2023-09 on its financial statements.